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How To Draw Perspective

14 June 2016
Julianna Dunn
Julianna Dunn

Perspective drawing is the technique that’s used for illustrating the space on the flat surface. There are lots of ways to express a perspective. For example, one-dot perspective, two – dots perspective, three-dots perspective, a perspective taken from a birds-eye view, a perspective taken from the Earth’s surface and other ones. In this article, we use a one-dot perspective in order to draw a picture if a cubic trajectory. Also, one-dot perspective is a picture that has one “disappearing” dot where all parallel in reality lines go. They can be stretched there endlessly.

Drawing A Basic Perspective

1. Start with marking a “disappearing” dot by drawing “X” in the center of the sheet. Then, draw the perspective lines starting from the center and to the edges of the sheet. Make sure that they can be used in your picture.

2. The next step is drawing a set of vertical columns on the right side. Once you get closer to the center or to the “disappearing” dot, you may replace the columns by lines.

3. Also, draw columns on the left side and add a set of perpendicular benches. Do not forget that you should draw the lines more precise only when you get closer to the center or to the “disappearing” dot.

4. The next step is drawing the “roof” of the space thus showing its cubic structure.

5. Then, make a sketch of a house on the left side and a beach on the right side.

6. Finally, draw the lines that will underline the structure of the space and the “roof” more visibly.

7. Paint the picture over with ink and its ready. In order to paint it over you should use either a pencil with black ink or a crayon that has a different size of the stem. This way there will be an opportunity to apply various kinds of textures on to the picture.

One-Dot Perspective

Usually, one-dot perspective is used when the front side of the object faces a beholder directly. In this type of drawing, horizontal and vertical lines of the platform will also be horizontal and vertical on the picture. The lines that are further from the beholder will be a little bit tilted off the so-called “disappearing line”. Click on any of the following pictures in order to make it bigger.

1. Define where the line of horizon on your picture is. Draw a horizontal line of the horizon with a hard pencil. The line of horizon defines how far the view can go depending on the peculiarities of the location and the height of an observation point.

2. Choose the location of the “disappearing” dot. This is exactly the thing that will define the perspective effect. For example, in the majority of cases the “disappearing” dot will be located horizontally in the center. Vertically, it will be over the line of the horizon. If you shift this dot to the right side, it will seem as if the view is shifted to the left side form the objects. For some objects, “disappearing” dots may be located higher or lower than the line of the horizon. This depends on the way the surface is tilted from the point of view of the ground.

3. Make a sketch of the main objects. Try drawing all horizontal and vertical lines perfectly horizontal or vertical. The lines that start at the point of view and go further from it should be drawn directed to the “disappearing” dot. This will create a perspective effect.

4. Make your picture more detailed taking into account the proportions that depend on the lines you drew before.